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ASH Fact Sheet 891- Use of e-cigarettes in Great Britain among adults and young people (2013) [E-Cigarette Research]
research:documents:cpk9sd25

ASH Fact Sheet 891- Use of e-cigarettes in Great Britain among adults and young people (2013)

Document 1)

ASH has commissioned surveys on e-cigarette use starting in 2010 with a survey of smokers, followed in February 2012 and 2013 by surveys of all adults and in March 2013 with a survey of children aged 11 to 18.

Among children regular use of e-cigarettes is extremely rare. Children who had heard of e-cigarettes were asked about their use and knowledge of them. What little use that is reported is confined almost entirely to children who currently smoke or used to smoke.

• 1 in 10 16-18 year olds who had heard of e-cigarettes (1 in 20 among 11-15 year olds) has “tried e-cigarettes once or twice”. • 1 in 100 16-18 year olds (0% 11-15 year olds) uses e-cigarettes more than once a week. • Among young people who have never smoked 1% have “tried e-cigarettes once or twice”, 0% report continued e-cigarette use and 0% expect to try an e-cigarette soon.

Among adults electronic cigarette current use has grown among smokers and ex-smokers and remains at 0% among those who have never smoked. Ex-smokers report having used e-cigarettes to help a quit attempt (48%) to prevent relapse to tobacco use (32%).

E-cigarette use among children

Awareness of e-cigarettes is widespread among children aged 11 to 18. Two thirds of 11-18 year olds and 83% of 16-18 year olds had heard of e-cigarettes.

Understanding of e-cigarettes is generally good. Children who have heard of e-cigarettes believe correctly that they are less harmful than cigarettes to the user (74%) and those around them (79%). Most (51%) 16-18 year olds who have heard of e-cigarettes believe that they contain nicotine.

Among children regular use of e-cigarettes is extremely rare. Children who had heard of e-cigarettes were asked about their use and knowledge of them. What little use that is reported is confined almost entirely to children who currently smoke or used to smoke.

Among children who have heard of e-cigarettes, sustained use is rare and confined to children who currently or have previously smoked. Of those who had heard of e-cigarettes, 7% (11% among 16-18 year olds) had tried e-cigarettes at least once. Two percent reported using them monthly or weekly. Among the 8% of children who reported some use of e-cigarettes, only 28% had used them in the last month. Of those who had never smoked a cigarette, 99% reported never having tried e-cigarettes and the remaining 1% reported having tried them “once or twice”. We found no evidence of regular e-cigarette use among children who have never smoked or who have only tried smoking once.

Few children expect to use an e-cigarette soon, except those who already smoke. Only 1% of those who had never smoked think that they would try an e-cigarette soon.

Frequent (more than weekly) use of e-cigarettes was confined almost entirely to ex-smokers and daily smokers. Among those who smoke more than 6 cigarettes a week and had heard of e-cigarettes, 48% had tried e-cigarettes once or twice, 7% use them more than once a month and 5% use them once a month.

E-cigarette use among adults

Awareness of e-cigarettes is widespread but continued use is confined to current and ex-smokers. In 2013, 91% of smokers and 71% of non-smokers had heard of e-cigarettes. Among those who have never smoked, 1% report having tried them and 0% report currently using them.

Current use is slightly more common among ex-smokers with 3% reporting current use and a further 5% reporting having tried them or used them in the past.

Use is most common among daily smokers with 11% reporting current use and 25% having used them in the past. E-cigarette use is constant across ages and socio economic groups.

Use has increased among smokers and ex-smokers but not among those who have never smoked. Use has increased steadily among smokers and ex-smokers but current use among those who have never smoked remains 0%.

Smokers and ex-smokers report different reasons for using e-cigarettes. The main reasons ex-smokers report having used e-cigarettes are to help a quit attempt (48%) and “to help me keep off tobacco” (32%). The main reason smokers report having used e-cigarettes is to “help me reduce the amount of tobacco I smoke, but not stop completely” (31%) followed by help in a quit attempt (30%); and “to help me keep off tobacco” (29%).


z-ref: cpk9sd25

1)
ASH UK (2013), ASH Fact Sheet 891- Use of e-cigarettes in Great Britain among adults and young people (2013), http://www.ash.org.uk/files/documents/ASH_891.pdf accessed: 2014-02-20
research/documents/cpk9sd25.txt · Last modified: 2014/03/30 00:22 by rainman